Liability Car Insurance
Liability Car Insurance

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Auto Liability Insurance

When you purchase a vehicle, whether it's new or new to you, you're required to carry liability auto insurance. When you find yourself at fault in an accident, liability insurance covers the expenses of property damage and injury incurred by others involved. Most people bundle liability with collision (which helps to cover your own injury and property damage costs), but there are some instances where liability-only car insurance is a viable option.

What is liability insurance?

Liability insurance is required in 49 states.

Liability car insurance is a safeguard against a driver's personal assets in the event that they cause an accident that results in bodily harm or property damage to another. Both components — bodily injury and property damage — are third-party benefits, one that the driver cannot use personally. Liability insurance is mandated by law in 49 of 50 states, with varying limits, and protects those who have suffered loss. Both components — bodily injury and property damage — are third-party benefits, one that the driver cannot use personally. Liability insurance is mandated by law in 49 of 50 states, with varying limits, and protects those who have suffered loss.

Who should choose a liability insurance policy?

The short answer is everyone should carry liability car insurance, whether they are a new or established driver. Liability insurance safeguards the individual's assets should he cause an accident that injures someone or damages their property. Instead of paying out of pocket, the insurance policy covers qualifying property damage and medical expenses related to the incident.

What does liability insurance cover?

Bodily Injury coverage is a must.

There are two main elements to liability auto insurance: bodily injury and property damage. Each type defines what's covered and has its own limits.

  • Bodily injury - bodily injury liability car insurance coverage, or BI, covers the medical expenses of the injured parties if you're found to be at-fault in an accident. It also covers loss of income if the injuries keep the person from working. All states, except Florida, require drivers to have BI insurance.
  • Property damage - if you're in an accident that causes damage to a vehicle or other property, this type of insurance covers the cost of repairs up to the policy limit. Abbreviated as PD, it also covers the driver's court and defense costs if he or she is sued as a result of the accident. All 50 states require PD coverage.

The limits for each component vary by state, and your auto insurance agent can explain the minimum requirements.

Expenses not covered by a liability insurance policy

While liability insurance coverage extends to property damage and medical bills of others injured as a result of an at-fault accident, it does not cover the losses of the person who caused the accident. That's why there are other types of insurance to consider: collision and medical payments.

Bodily Injury coverage is a must.
  • Collision - Collision insurance is designed to cover damage to the policyholder's vehicle in the event of an at-fault accident. This type of insurance is required by lenders if the car is under a loan or lease. Once the vehicle is paid off, it becomes optional but is still recommended for those who drive vehicles with good market value.
  • Medical payments - Medical payments coverage helps cover the cost of medical bills of the policyholder and potentially any passengers in the vehicle at the time of the accident, regardless of who is at fault. It covers deductibles and co-pays, hospital or doctor visits, surgery, prostheses and x-rays, nursing services and ambulatory transport.

Liability auto insurance providers

All insurance companies offer liability car insurance coverage, but at their own discretion. If you have many accidents within a short period of time, you may be deemed high-risk and denied coverage. Speak to your agent about the costs associated with the policy and shop around for the cheapest liability car insurance quotes.

Choosing the right amount of coverage

  • Property damage - The typical amount of PD coverage on a liability car insurance policy is $10,000. The amounts, however, can vary between $5,000 and $25,000, depending on the state-required minimum.
  • Bodily injury per person - Bodily injury per person defines the limit that a single person can collect in damages. This includes the total sum for medical expenses and treatments, as well as lost wages, for a single person.
  • Bodily injury per accident - Bodily injury per accident is the total amount that a policy will cover for injury expenses. For example, in a case where the policy is packaged 25/50, the policy may pay out up to $25,000 per person but will not cover more than $50,000 per accident. In serious accidents, this could result in the policyholder facing out-of-pocket expenses.

Liability insurance coverage and out-of-pocket costs

When it comes to liability car insurance coverage, “less is more” is not a good policy. While each state has a mandated minimum, it's always a good idea to purchase more coverage. More coverage can protect you and your assets and reduce the amount you have to pay out-of-pocket in the case of an accident.

More liability coverage means less liability

Make sure you have enough coverage.

If you're still on the fence about how much liability auto insurance coverage to purchase, it's worth considering that the more you purchase, the less liable you are to pay out-of-pocket . If your liability coverage runs out and the injured party still has treatment ahead of them, you can be legally responsible for paying those fees and could be sued in court, putting your personal assets at risk.

When you purchase liability auto insurance, be sure to speak with your agent and determine what the appropriate amount of coverage should be. Insurance providers often have minimum recommendations that satisfy state and local statute requirements, but you can also opt for more coverage, and this is one case where it's better to be safe than sorry.

Thomas Kunstmann
Acceptance Agent,
Foley, AL

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